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ATTINY2313-20MU データシート(Datasheet) 71 Page - ATMEL Corporation

部品番号. ATTINY2313-20MU
部品情報  8-bit Microcontroller with 2K Bytes In-System Programmable Flash
ダウンロード  231 Pages
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メーカー  ATMEL [ATMEL Corporation]
ホームページ  http://www.atmel.com
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71
ATtiny2313/V
2543I–AVR–04/06
Normal Mode
The simplest mode of operation is the Normal mode (WGM02:0 = 0). In this mode the
counting direction is always up (incrementing), and no counter clear is performed. The
counter simply overruns when it passes its maximum 8-bit value (TOP = 0xFF) and then
restarts from the bottom (0x00). In normal operation the Timer/Counter Overflow Flag
(TOV0) will be set in the same timer clock cycle as the TCNT0 becomes zero. The
TOV0 Flag in this case behaves like a ninth bit, except that it is only set, not cleared.
However, combined with the timer overflow interrupt that automatically clears the TOV0
Flag, the timer resolution can be increased by software. There are no special cases to
consider in the Normal mode, a new counter value can be written anytime.
The Output Compare Unit can be used to generate interrupts at some given time. Using
the Output Compare to generate waveforms in Normal mode is not recommended,
since this will occupy too much of the CPU time.
Clear Timer on Compare
Match (CTC) Mode
In Clear Timer on Compare or CTC mode (WGM02:0 = 2), the OCR0A Register is used
to manipulate the counter resolution. In CTC mode the counter is cleared to zero when
the counter value (TCNT0) matches the OCR0A. The OCR0A defines the top value for
the counter, hence also its resolution. This mode allows greater control of the Compare
Match output frequency. It also simplifies the operation of counting external events.
The timing diagram for the CTC mode is shown in Figure 31. The counter value
(TCNT0) increases until a Compare Match occurs between TCNT0 and OCR0A, and
then counter (TCNT0) is cleared.
Figure 31. CTC Mode, Timing Diagram
An interrupt can be generated each time the counter value reaches the TOP value by
using the OCF0A Flag. If the interrupt is enabled, the interrupt handler routine can be
used for updating the TOP value. However, changing TOP to a value close to BOTTOM
when the counter is running with none or a low prescaler value must be done with care
since the CTC mode does not have the double buffering feature. If the new value written
to OCR0A is lower than the current value of TCNT0, the counter will miss the Compare
Match. The counter will then have to count to its maximum value (0xFF) and wrap
around starting at 0x00 before the Compare Match can occur.
For generating a waveform output in CTC mode, the OC0A output can be set to toggle
its logical level on each Compare Match by setting the Compare Output mode bits to
toggle mode (COM0A1:0 = 1). The OC0A value will not be visible on the port pin unless
the data direction for the pin is set to output. The waveform generated will have a maxi-
TCNTn
OCn
(Toggle)
OCnx Interrupt Flag Set
1
4
Period
2
3
(COMnx1:0 = 1)




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